Sunday, June 13, 2010

Gay Lobby Pressures Group Into Heterophobia

Gay 'Marriage' Activists Forcing Pro-Family Views out of California Therapist Association


By Kathleen Gilbert SAN DIEGO, California, March 15, 2010 ( – Abandoning its long-held neutrality on the marriage debate, the California Association of Marriage and Family Therapists (CAMFT) has slowly come to disavow pro-family views and sexual orientation therapy as "homophobic...


The full text of the story is available at:

Transgender activists threaten restaurant with legal sanctions, loss of license



April 9, 2010

MassResistance Update

Pro-family activism

"In a time of universal deceit telling the truth is a revolutionary act."
- George Orwell

1. Transgender activists target popular Peabody restaurant -- now threatened with loss of license, legal sanctions, for turning away men in dresses. (One man used official Mass. driver's license identifying him as female!)

1. Transgender activists target popular Peabody restaurant -- now threatened with loss of license, legal sanctions, for turning away men in dresses. (One man used official Mass. driver's license identifying him as female!)   TAKE ACTION!

It's the latest in the homosexual movement's campaign to force their radical agenda on all of society through legal intimidation - with the help of our state government working against us.

A Peabody restaurant is being threatened with loss of their operating license and an expensive lawsuit because the doorman turned away men wearing women's clothes (including short skirts). One of the men produced a valid Massachusetts driver's license saying he's a female - which the Patrick administration now allows as a gift to the homosexual movement. This gave the activists even more ammunition against the restaurant. The restaurant is now being forced by Peabody city officials to "negotiate" with the homosexual and transgender activists or face action by the city and state alcohol licensing boards.

See our report here on Massachusetts giving female drivers' licenses to men.

Capone's Italian American Restaurant in Peabody, a popular restaurant and bar, was recently targeted by a transgender activist group, apparently to set an example for others. Robert Knowles, a transgender activist from Saugus who wears women's' clothes in public and who goes by the name of "Ashley Amber Bottoms", began bringing a group of men in women's clothes (who call themselves the "Sisters Group") to Capone's after their transgender group meetings.

An interesting footnote: The Sisters Group meets every Friday evening at the Peabody Marriott Hotel, site of the transgender conference in our video showing huge men using the women's restroom. They then target a local restaurant for their cross-dresser challenge.

Robert Knowles, a.k.a. "Ashley Amber Bottoms", an unemployed crane operator from Saugus and transgender activist.

It started with restroom issues

After the first few visits, the Capone's staff asked them to use the men's restroom instead of the women's restroom. They agreed to do that. But apparently their presence was causing so much disruption and discomfort to the restaurant's patrons that when the group came on Jan.29, staff met them at the door and refused to let them in.

The men of the "Sisters Family" have their own calling card.

The men insisted that they had a legal right to be let in, and one of them showed them the Massachusetts driver's license stating that he was a female, even though he was clearly a man wearing women's clothes. As the homosexual newspaper Bay Windows described it:

According to Bottoms, despite the women's protests, the bouncer wouldn't relent. "One girl offered to take off her wig to show what she looked like and I told her, 'No. You shouldn't have to do that to prove yourself to anybody,' " Bottoms said. Another transgender woman offered her license to the doorman, explaining that her DMV picture reflected the way she looks now; her long hair is natural. "The guy looked at us and said, 'but you're wearing makeup. I can't tell,'" Bottoms said. "And I went, 'you know that's BS, because girls wear makeup!' "

A third member of the social group is legally female, and produced a license to that effect. "And he looked at her and said, 'Nope, because you're really a guy.' "

The men were apparently all prepared to take action. They immediately demanded to know the name of the manager. The next day they filed complaints with the City of Peabody, the District Attorney, various licensing boards, and other public officials, according to news reports.

Hardcord activists. Mr. Knowles (as Ashley Bottoms), left, and friend at the State House for the Transgender Bill Public Hearing on July 14. (MassResistance photo)

The Boston Globe reported it on Feb. 21 (Note that they describe the man with the "legal" female driver's license as a "woman" but refer to "Bottoms" as "he"):

Knowles, also known as Ashley Amber Bottoms, detailed the alleged snub in a letter to the city’s licensing board earlier this month. He contends that eight members of the group - including a woman - were barred entry by workers at Capone’s on Jan. 29.

“The door staff told me we would not be allowed entrance because of how we were dressed and that men in skirts would not be allowed inside,’’ he wrote in the complaint. . .

Knowles, an unemployed crane operator who dresses like a woman in public, said he had visited Capone’s on three prior occasions with the transgender social group he directs. The group has five chapters in Massachusetts, Connecticut, and New Hampshire.

On Feb. 22, the case went before the Peabody Licensing Board. Over 30 homosexual activists from across the state crowded into the small basement hearing room to intimidate. Because of the possibility of losing their license, the owner of Capone's had to cut short a vacation in Florida to be there. The transgender group hired a professional "permitting consultant", C. Whiting Price, to push their agenda at the meeting.

Owner of restaurant (center) surrounded by "Ashley Bottoms" and roomful of angry homosexual and transgender activists at Peabody License Board hearing on Feb. 22.

"Mediation" -- homosexual activists' path to victory by intimidation

At the meeting, Price apparently urged Peabody City Solicitor, John Christopher, and the Chairman of the Peabody Licensing Board, Minas Dakos, to pressure the restaurant's owner to enter into "mediation" with the transgender group or else face an expensive hearing and possible loss of license, lawsuit, and loss of business.

As one local newspaper reported:

Rice said the end result of mediation could be anything from particular conditions put upon Capone's, sensitivity training or citywide policy changes to require of all alcohol license holders in regards to gender issues.

That pretty much says it all.

Assistant City Solicitor Brian Barrett is acting as "mediator". The restaurant was given until April 26 to come to a suitable agreement with the transgender activists, or face formal charges by the city and state authorities.

These are the kinds of brutal tactics being used by the homosexual/transgender movement -- working hand in glove with our own government officials to subvert community standards and freedoms of citizens.

Newspaper coverage

The homosexual lobby's PR machine went to work pretty quickly on this. It's interesting the slant that various media outlets took, what facts they get right, what they leave out (e.g., the Mass. driver's license problem), and how often they refer to a man as "she".

CNHI News Service: Transgender club alleges discrimination
(2/10/10) Local news report

Boston Globe: Group accuses Capone's of bias.
(2/21/10) They refer to the man with the Mass. drivers license as a "woman"

The Salem News: Transgender group, restaurant agree to mediation
(2/23/10) Local newspaper report

Boston Examiner: Sisters Family transgender women's group, Capone's restaurant enter into mediation
(2/23/10)  Pro-homosexual news service

Peabody/Lynnfield Weekly News: Transgender Club, Capone's enter talks
(2/24/10) Local newspaper report

Bay Windows: Gender Discrimination alleged at Peabody Eatery (3/3/10)
(3/3/10) Homosexual newspaper

The Advocate: Trans group alleges restaurant discriminated
(3/4/10)  National homosexual magazine

MassResistance blog: "Gender Identity" Discrimination at Peabody Restaurant?
(3/11/10)  Our own no-holds-barred reporting.

Public officials won't talk, or are hostile

In early February, Peabody Licensing Board Chairman Minas Dakos told a reporter that he did not know what authority, if any, it had to deal with the allegation. But they seemed to have changed their opinion about that since then. MassResistance attempted to call the Peabody Licensing Board for a comment but could only get an answering machine.

On Wednesday, we called the Massachusetts Alcoholic Beverages Control Commission to ask them about this kind of situation, what laws the restaurant allegedly broke, the legal jurisdiction of the state commission, and how other restaurants should react in this situation. As soon as we told the person what the subject of our question was, he became quite hostile and refused to give us any information except to direct us to portions of the Commission's website. Although he admitted that they do have jurisdiction in these matters, when we asked how restaurants should deal with this, he simply said, "we don't give legal advice" - an odd answer for the group that supposedly tells businesses what to do in order to follow the law. (Unfortunately, this dismissive attitude is very common when state Massachusetts employees discover you have a pro-family point of view.)

Was the restaurant breaking any laws? Is so-called "gender identity" a "protected" class, even though we can't find that wording in any state laws? Is it a strange kind of "sexual orientation"? The Commission refused to answer any of our questions.

We also tried on numerous occasions to reach Assistant City Solicitor Brian Barrett, who is in charge of mediating the "negotiations," but he refused to take our calls and did not return messages.

Gender Identity Disorder

The elephant in the middle of the room is the fact that this is transgenderism, cross-dressing, and its related behaviors are advanced symptoms of Gender Identity Disorder, which is recognized by the mental health profession as a sicknes that needs to be treated (besides a perversion), not something that must be forced unwillingly on the rest of society by threats of punishment.

Homosexual and transgender movement jumping on board

Not surprisingly, this has become a cause celebre in the homosexual and transgender movement. Even the national homosexual newspaper The Advocate is covering it. They see this kind of threat and intimidation as an important tactic in achieving their goals.

In addition, according to homosexual blogs that we've seen, Capone's has been harassed by homosexual activists, who have also organized a boycott against the restaurant.

And it could get worse

It's bad enough that a business is being forced to "negotiate" with homosexual activists in order to avoid essentially being shut down. But this culd be just the beginning.

The Capone's employees were lucky. If the Transgender Rights and Hate Crimes bill (H1728) passes, they could all get heavy fines and jail time for merely noting a difference, and the restaurant could face major problems. This is exactly what the homosexual and transgender movement wants.

Capone's Italian American Restaurant in Peabody -- target of attacks by homosexual activists.









Former 'LGBTQ' activist reveals schoolchildren agenda



Is there an "LGBTQ" (lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, questioning) agenda targeting every child in California's K-12 government schools? You bet there is. Should parents be concerned about Harvey Milk's perverse values being pushed this month on children as young as kindergarten? Yes, very much.

Every parent and grandparent needs to hear this stimulating podcast of former homosexual activist Michael Glatze, interviewed by President Randy Thomasson. Please listen and forward to everyone you know.

Listen now to this wake-up-call podcast for California parents

Take action to protect children from Harvey Milk's "LGBTQ" indoctination May 17-28

Distribute our Action Flyer to warn parents in your community

Train up a child in the way he should go,
And when he is old he will not depart from it.

Proverbs 22:6 NKJV



First Baby of Lesbian Parenting Support Group Kills Herself

Rest in peace.


Obituaryfor Aiden, formerly known as Caitlan


Aiden Schaeff Rivera

SCHAEFF RIVERA, Aiden - was born in Kingston, Canada May 25, 1992 and died in his struggle with Transgender Intolerance on April 22, 2010 in Maryland, USA. He leaves behind his mothers Cathy Schaeff and Patty Rivera, his dog companion Addy, his cat Marco and Patches, his four legged “sibling“. Here in Kingston, his “family“ struggles with this unacceptable loss: Cindy, Malcolm, Sebastian, Stacey, Janis, Hannah, Mary, Auntie Kathy, Elizabeth, Kathleen, Ron and countless other members of his Kingston “village“ celebrate his life. Aiden's life was remarkable. He was the first baby, of over 20, that was conceived and born into Kingston after the Lesbian Parenting Support Group formed in the early 1990's. He was the first child in Ontario to legally have two mothers on his birth certificate. He watched his mothers legally marry in his lifetime and he bravely carved his own path when he reached out on his transgender journey. This struggle was somehow more complicated in Maryland that in his birth community. Aiden had a wonderful sense of friendship, compassion, creativity and acceptance. In Kingston, Malcolm, his friend from birth, will never forget him. In Maryland, hundreds of youth have rallied, reached out to each other and created a facebook page. (RIP Aiden Grimlock) Please take from this announcement the lesson that you don't need to understand transgender issues but you can smile, offer kindness and be supportive. Should you wish to do more, a fund has been set up in Aiden's name to help at risk youth. Mail to Lee Holsopple at University - Wide Initiatives Office, American University, 4400 Massachusetts Ave. NW, Washington,DC. 20016 -made out to “In memory of Aiden Rivera Schaeff“. 11


Brazilian Ex-Gays

The leader of Brazil's homosexual movement recently admitted the existence of ex-gays and says that human sexuality is changeable:

Leader of Brazil's Homosexual Movement Admits Existence of Ex-Gays







Videos of Hate

Homosexual activists terrorize Boston church during ex-Gay conference while police watch.

Worcester police charge pastor $6,200.00 — up front — to hold Christian event as pro-gay activists scream, protest and chant outside.

Homosexual activists disrupt peaceful pro-marriage rally; Catholic activist Larry Cirignano targeted with charges of assault & battery, civil rights violations!

Prominent homosexual activists lead screaming demonstration, terrorize Boston church sponsoring ex-gay religious event.

Loud homosexual activists disrupt and halt Don Feder speech at UMass Amherst, despite police presence

Hideous gay ‘protests’ in Boston and around the country — threatening churches and private citizens, attacking pro-marriage supporters

Homosexual activists incite kids to block, harrass, assault photographers at gay “youth pride” day

Lesbian activists at Smith College riot, shut down Ryan Sorba speech on “The Born Gay Hoax” as police watch.

Response to Criticism of Youth Project

Is it adultery if your "husband" is not a man?

Woman compelled to have public sex because her husband is a transgender and so can’t have sex with her:

According to court papers obtained by WHAM 13, Corona told police at the time of her arrest, "I know what I did was inappropriate and I apologize, but you'd understand if you knew what my life was like."

She told officers her husband is "transgender," and that the two "never had sex."

Read more:



California - Campbell support for gay marriage sinks his candidacy


By NOM-Rhode Island

Washington, DC – The National Organization for Marriage (NOM) today expressed satisfaction that California US Senate candidate Tom Campbell was soundly defeated in his bid to capture the Republican US Senate nomination. NOM waged a fierce and ultimately successful campaign against Campbell’s bid for the GOP nomination. 

“It’s clear that Tom Campbell’s support for gay marriage played a major factor in his shellacking in the Republican primary for US Senate,” said Brian Brown, president of NOM. “NOM was the first to attack Campbell with our statewide ‘Two Peas, Same Liberal Pod’ television ad that compared his position on gay marriage and other issues to identical positions held by Barbara Boxer. This helped define Campbell as a liberal for California Republicans. Then, our telephone program where we called 600,000 Republican households reminding voters that Campbell favored gay marriage and opposed Proposition 8 sent his campaign into a tailspin from which he never recovered.” 

According to polling on Real Clear Politics, Campbell led the US Senate race by as much as 15 points over Carly Fiorina on May 19th. NOM launched its robo calls over the three day period of May 19-21. From that point forward, Campbell faded and Fiorina surged, winning the race in a landslide. 

“California Republicans can be proud that they have a pro-marriage, pro-family, fiscally conservative nominee in Carly Fiorina. We are looking forward to a spirited and ultimately successful campaign to oust Barbara Boxer from the US Senate,” Brown said. “But NOM delivered an important message tonight in defeating Tom Campbell. For years gay marriage groups like the Human Rights Campaign have been telling Republicans that there is no price to be paid for supporting gay marriage. Just as we proved in ending Dede Scozzafava‘s career in New York, we have shown tonight that Republican support of gay marriage is a career ending position. We will continue to play a leading role in letting voters know where candidates stand on marriage. We are looking forward to doing more of the same in places like Iowa and New Hampshire this fall.” 


Gay Gene Hoax

This is a WorldNetDaily printer-friendly version of the article which follows.
To view this item online, visit  

Wednesday, June 02, 2010

The 'gay gene' hoax
Exclusive: Ryan Sorba traces initial pseudo-science homosexuals hang their hat on

Posted: June 03, 2010
1:00 am Eastern

One of the most common studies homosexual activists cite when they make the absurd claim that people are "born gay" was conducted in 1993 by pro-gay activist Dr. Dean Hamer and his team of geneticists at the National Cancer Institute.

Hamer and his colleagues reported that a "gay gene" seemed to be maternally linked and could be found on the Xq28 stretch of the X chromosome.

Hamer's genetic study played a key role in a massive public-relations campaign designed by Harvard-educated and Madison Avenue-trained homosexual activists Marshall Kirk and Hunter Madsen. I refer to this campaign as the "born gay hoax." In the late 1980s and early 1990s, this hoax was designed to help homosexual activists legally obtain minority-class status. Historically, courts have awarded minority-class status to groups that:

  1. have demonstrated a long history of discrimination;
  2. have demonstrated that they are powerless as a community to help themselves; and
  3. have demonstrated an immutable characteristic such as race or gender (i.e., are born that way).

In the 1990s, homosexual activists believed that if they could convince the courts that they were "born gay" they would acquire protected-class status and could then legally challenge anti-sodomy laws in the United States.

Dean Hamer played an enormous role in this effort. In fact, on April 3, 1994, the The Washington Times reported that while Hamer was testifying against Colorado's Amendment 2 – which sought to keep men who have sex with men from winning minority-class status – Sen. Robert C. Smith, R-N.H., knew of Hamer's motives and accused the doctor of "actively pursuing a gay agenda."

Immediately after Hamer's "gay gene" study was published in 1993, a media explosion ensued. Hamer's results, however, were a fraud. The title of an article appearing on page 25 of the July 10, 1995, edition of the pro-gay magazine New York Native explains:

"Gay Gene" Research Doesn't Hold Under Scrutiny, Chicago Tribune's John Crewdson Uncovers Possible Scientific Misconduct by NCI Researcher.

The article begins:

In addition to the political and social firestorm Hamer's research has ignited, he has also been criticized by numerous scientists for not performing what seems to be an obvious control experiment: examining the genes of heterosexual brothers.

The omission of a control group in a scientific experiment is significant, because it essentially renders the experiment inconclusive. Why would a supposedly professional researcher like Hamer conduct an experiment in such an unacceptable and unprofessional fashion?

According to the article, another researcher who worked on the project claimed that although Hamer conducted the experiment correctly by including a control variable, the results he obtained did not lead to the conclusion he was hoping to find: that some men are "born gay." Hamer therefore did not release the information related to the control group and published pseudo-scientific results. All went well for Hamer until a junior researcher on his team exposed his scheme. The article continues:

Even worse for Hamer, the National Institute of Health's Office of Research Integrity is now investigating his "gay gene" research, according to Crewdson. The inquiry concerns allegations that Hamer was selective about which data he chose to report (i.e., that he ignored data that didn't support his contention that homosexuality is genetically determined). The data manipulation was reported to NIH's integrity office by a junior researcher who performed research crucial to Hamer's claimed discovery, according to Crewdson.

Crewdson's revelations turned out to be true. A November 1995 edition of Scientific American confirmed that Hamer was "being charged with research improprieties and was under investigation by the National Institute of Health's Federal Office of Research Integrity." Although the NIH never released the results of the inquiry, Hamer was shortly thereafter transferred to another section. In addition to lying about his results, he had done his "gay gene" research under a grant to work on Kaposi's sarcoma, a skin cancer that inordinately afflicts men who have sex with men.

Upon learning that Hamer's "gay gene" study was a hoax, one might assume that if other researchers were to attempt to replicate his experiment, including his control group, they would fail to obtain the pseudo-scientific result that there is a "gay gene." This is exactly the case. The New York Native article continues:

... [A]t least one lab that has tried hard to replicate his findings has been unsuccessful.

"Only one independent laboratory has reported attempting such a replication, and it has found no evidence to support Hamer," Crewdson reported. "We can't reproduce Hamer's data," said George Ebers, a neurogeneticist from the University of Western Ontario, who has searched unsuccessfully for a Hamer-style genetic link to homosexuality in more than 50 pairs of gay Canadian brothers. In fact, Ebers found the genetic markers cited by Hamer in "exactly half of his brother pairs" according to Crewdson – precisely what the laws of chance would predict, if the "markers had no significance."

The fact that Hamer's study cannot be replicated confirms reports that Hamer lied about his results. In 1998, another group of researchers (Sanders, et al.) tried to replicate Hamer's study as well; they also failed to find a genetic connection to homosexuality.

Then, in the Aug. 6, 1999, edition of Science, George Rice and George Ebers published a review of Hamer's study to go along with their previous attempts to replicate his findings. The scientists stated that the results of Hamer's study "did not support an X-linked gene underlying male homosexuality." They found that the brothers observed by the Hamer group were no more likely to share the Xq28 markers than would be expected by mere chance.

By this time, Hamer had already conceded that his pseudo-scientific study did not support a genetic cause for homosexuality, in the Jan. 30, 1998, edition of the Washington Blade. He also conceded that homosexuality is "culturally transmitted, not inherited," and that "there is not a single master gene that makes people gay. … I don't think we will ever be able to predict who will be gay," he said.

Ryan Sorba has established conservative clubs on college campuses in Massachusetts and eight in Southern California, working as a field representative for the Campus Leadership Program at the Leadership Institute. He is the author of the forthcoming book "The 'Born Gay' Hoax" and can be contacted for speaking engagements at:


Malawi gay couple are now ex-gay

A gay Malawian couple whose 14 year prison sentence for their engagement led to international condemnation have split over a woman, Malawi’s National newspaper reported.  Malawi’s leader pardoned the two men in late May on humanitarian grounds.  Steven Monjeza, 26, told the paper he had left Tiwonge Chimbalanga, 20, because he had been coerced into the gay relationship and found a better match with 24 year old women.

From news service via Washington Post

Are Gay Groups Anti-Exgay?





Anti-Gay? Organization President Addresses Misperceptions about NARTH


Julie Hamilton, Ph.D.


NARTH is Not Anti-gay, nor is NARTH a Hate-Based Organization


Critics and antagonists have labeled NARTH, its leaders, and members as "bigots" and having "hatred" against homosexuality.  Simply stated, these accusations are completely false.  NARTH's leaders value and esteem both those who have embraced homosexual identities as well as those who seek change of orientation or identity.  Many NARTH members originally became involved with NARTH because they had clients who needed help, and they had compassion and a desire to assist those clients in meeting their goals, even if doing so would bring criticism from others. Some became involved with NARTH because of their own personal experience with homosexuality, and others became involved out of love for their family members who struggled with issues of gender and sexual orientation.


Other members simply feel a scientific and ethical responsibility to present what science can and cannot say about homosexuality as well as to foster psychological care consistent with the best outcomes for those who seek it. Such care should be extended to all individuals, regardless of their sexual orientation.  In the spirit of diversity and anchored to the ethical principles of client self-determination and client autonomy, NARTH members are committed to providing scientifically grounded psychological care rendered in the context of compassion. While NARTH may disagree with a more popular worldview, and assert that homosexuality is not invariably fixed in all people, disagreement is not discrimination.  Such attempts to label NARTH's position as "bigoted" or "hateful" are straw man attacks and are unsound.


NARTH Recognizes Client Diversity


NARTH values the individual's right to choose - both individuals who are comfortable with their homosexual identities and those who want to explore other options. NARTH acknowledges that some people are comfortable claiming a homosexual identity, and we respect their freedom to do so. At the same time, NARTH recognizes that others choose not to embrace a homosexual identity, are distressed by unwanted homosexual attractions, and would like to explore other options for their lives.


In our culture, those who are dissatisfied with their unwanted homosexual attractions and choose to pursue change are often treated with disrespect, mockery and ridicule, as are the therapists who try to help them. It is ironic that some of the people who defend the freedom to embrace homosexuality are the same ones who mock those who want something different for their lives. Tolerance and diversity mean very little if differing worldviews are excluded. NARTH believes that people who are dissatisfied with their unwanted homosexual attractions should be given the opportunity to choose their own path and to pursue change if they so desire. If content homosexuals are accepted, discontent homosexuals who pursue change should be equally accepted. 


NARTH Therapists Honor Client Self Determination: Clients Choose Their Own Goals while Therapists Avoid Imposing an Agenda


NARTH defends the rights of clients to seek treatment for unwanted homosexual attractions. Individuals who are dissatisfied with their unwanted homosexual attractions and enter therapy seeking change should be respected and not be coerced into embracing identities which clash with their deeply held values or religious beliefs. All ethical codes for psychologists and therapists state that clients have the right to self-determination. This means that it is the client, not the therapist, who chooses the goals of therapy. NARTH exists to defend that basic right of clients. It is unethical for therapists to only offer "gay affirmative" therapy to clients who are seeking not to be affirmed in a homosexual identity but to receive assistance in pursuing a different identity. Although some professional associations advocate for therapists to use only a gay-affirming approach, NARTH believes that this is disrespectful, unethical, and potentially harmful to clients who want other options for their lives. 


All too often, well-meaning, but ill-informed therapists tell their clients that they were "born homosexual" and cannot change, yet the scientific research reveals the opposite (Jones & Yarhouse, 2007; Spitzer, 2003). Homosexuality is not simply a matter of biology, and some people indeed make changes in their lives. Even the APA, in a brochure on human sexuality, acknowledges the lack of research supporting biological determinism of homosexuality.


There is no consensus among scientists about the exact reasons that an individual develops a heterosexual, bisexual, gay or lesbian orientation. Although much research has examined the possible genetic, hormonal, developmental, social, and cultural influences on sexual orientation, no findings have emerged that permit scientists to conclude that sexual orientation is determined by any particular factor or factors. Many think that nature and nurture both play complex roles....(p. 2)


Those who provide psychological care for this population have an ethical and moral responsibility to be scientifically informed and to provide care that is consistent with both psychological science and the highest ethical standards of our professions.


Just as we believe that clients have the right to pursue change and that the scientific research supports the evidence for change, NARTH believes that people have the freedom to pursue a homosexual identity or adapt in any way they desire for their lives. Ultimately, the client decides the path to take, and the therapist assists the client in accomplishing his or her goals. When therapists are unable to help clients pursue their personal goals, those therapists should make appropriate referrals to another professional who is able to do so.


Reorientation Therapy Includes Many Different Mainstream Approaches to Therapy


Reorientation therapy is simply psychological care aimed at helping clients achieve their goals regarding their sexual attractions, sexual orientations and/or sexual identities. Reorientation is not decidedly different from other therapies. There are many psychological approaches to helping clients with unwanted homosexual attractions. All approaches supported by NARTH are mainstream approaches to psychotherapy. The term "Reparative Therapy" refers to one specific approach which is psychodynamic in nature, but not all who offer therapy aimed at orientation change practice Reparative Therapy. Critics sometimes use the phrase 'reparative therapy' to describe reorientation therapy.  This may be misconstrued to support a view pathologizing homosexuality, and that this is the only therapeutic modality used in reorientation therapy.  Both inferences are incorrect.  The members of NARTH are diverse in their training and in their approaches. Like  other therapists, most clinical members of NARTH practice whatever type of therapy they were trained to practice, including but not limited to: interpersonal therapy, cognitive therapy, family therapy, behavioral therapy, EMDR, and psychodynamic approaches of which Reparative Therapy is one type. Quite simply, this is psychotherapy, nothing more and nothing less.


NARTH is often described by journalists with terms that are not used by NARTH or its members. For example, NARTH is sometimes "branded" as offering a "cure" for homosexuality, implying that NARTH views homosexuality as a disease.  NARTH does not view homosexuality as mental illness; rather, homosexuality is an adaptation that is distressful for some people.  Another inaccurate description is "conversion" therapy, a term not used by NARTH members. This term seems to imply some type of force or the idea of a therapist pressuring a client to change.  NARTH therapists understand that psychotherapy should never be coercive, but should be offered in accordance with professional ethics and a respect for client self-determination. Neither do NARTH members offer or provide "aversion therapy."  This form of behavioral therapy was used in the 1960's and 1970's to treat many different types of presenting problems, one of which was unwanted homosexual thoughts and feelings.  However, aversion therapy was deemed unethical and was discontinued over 25 years ago, prior to NARTH's existence. NARTH encourages all of its members to abide by the highest standards of ethicality, which by definition would exclude any form of aversive therapy.


NARTH encourages its members to assist those who seek help for unwanted homosexual attractions, attractions which seldom occur in isolation from other issues commonly treated in therapy. More often than not, other issues become a part-and even the primary focus-of the care provided. Such issues might include past sexual abuse or trauma, family relationships, a weak sense of self, gender insecurity, depression, hopelessness, self-hatred, or any other issue that is problematic for the client. Many NARTH therapists report that once these other issues are addressed, issues regarding sexual attractions, identity, and orientation are easier to resolve.


While Success Rates are Similar to Some other Issues, Therapy for Unwanted Homosexuality Seems to be held to a Higher Standard


While studies on therapy for unwanted homosexual attractions seem to yield varying success rates, ranging from 30%-70%, these rates seem to be no different than success rates for many other therapeutic issues.1 For example, one study on outcomes in ministry settings (Jones and Yarhouse, 2007) revealed success rates that were comparable to a similar study on the treatment for depression. There is no question that depression should be treated, even though neither therapy, nor medication, nor a combination of both, yield success rates of 100%. Another example is that of personality disorders. It is commonly accepted within the therapeutic profession that personality disorders do not fully resolve, regardless of the therapeutic modality offered. While some forms of therapy appear more effective than others in treating personality disorders, it is clear that clients who are diagnosed with such disorders will continue beyond therapy to struggle with some issues related to their diagnosis. Yet, despite the fact that the condition is not completely alleviated through therapy, we do not hear of attempts to stop therapists from offering treatment for personality disorders.2


Similarly, in the field of addictions, where there is debate over both etiology and treatment, we find varying success rates, but we do not see any model of treatment to be successful 100% of the time. In fact, there is a high recidivism rate in the addictions field, yet the work continues undisputed. In addition, those who successfully receive treatment for substance abuse, eating disorders, and other behavioral addictions continue to describe themselves as addicts long after their therapy ends, and some will claim that label for the rest of their lives, even after the initial presenting problem is resolved. In many ways, reorientation therapy is quite similar to therapy for other issues. Yet, it seems clear that therapy for unwanted homosexuality is held to a standard higher than therapy for any other issue, a standard unattainable in the mental health field.


Therapeutic Attempts to Change Sexual Orientation are not found to be Harmful


Although the media and even some professionals have reported otherwise, the APA Task Force recently reported that the research on whether or not change attempts are harmful is inconclusive.3 Although the six-member Task Force was made up only of people who are against orientation change efforts, they admitted that there is not enough evidence to say that it is harmful. They state, "There are no scientifically rigorous studies of recent SOCE that would enable us to make a definitive statement about whether recent SOCE is safe or harmful and for whom" (p. 83). Yet, they say, despite the fact that there is no conclusive evidence of harm, that therapists should only offer affirmative therapy because some clients report having been harmed. It might be important to note, since they are basing their recommendation on client reports, that many clients have also reported being helped. This, however, is not mentioned in the report. In fact, they did not include individual case studies in their review.


Although the APA Task Force reported that their review of the possibility for harm was inconclusive, there are in fact research studies which conclude that this type of therapy is not harmful.  For example, the Spitzer (2003) study found no harm, the Jones and Yarhouse (2007) study on ministry groups found no harm, and the Karten (2010) study found no harm. 


With regard to individual reports of harm, it is important to understand the field of therapy. Participating in any form of therapy may be stressful as clients begin to address and deal with the issues of concern to them. In other words, whether clients are seeking treatment for depression, anxiety, marital issues, family issues, addictions, etc., there is a chance that some clients will feel worse before they feel better. Therapy often assists clients in looking at issues more closely and directly facing the problems in their lives in order to move forward. It is a commonly accepted fact that entering therapy and addressing concerns, whatever those concerns may be, might at first be uncomfortable. Therapy for unwanted homosexual attractions is no different. Some clients report encountering stress as they pursue their goals, yet many clients also report that the stress was well worth the outcome, just as clients addressing any other issue report that the hard work of therapy is well worth the results. Psychological care for those distressed by unwanted homosexuality (when practiced by an ethical therapist) has not been shown to pose any greater risk for harm than therapy for any other issue.


On the note of harm, it interesting that it is considered acceptable within the mental health field to assist a five year old boy in identifying as a girl or to administer hormone treatment to a ten or twelve year old child to physically change the child's biological sex,4 but offering talk therapy to an adult who would rather not be homosexual is thought to be harmful. Researchers admit that homosexuality is not biologically based; whereas, we know that gender is biologically based. How is it ethical to help a child change his or her biologically-based gender, but yet questionable to help an adult deal with an unwanted sexual orientation?  Perhaps the accusations of harm have more to do with worldview than with science.


NARTH is Neither Right-Winged, nor is NARTH a Religious Organization


Although the critics often describe NARTH as a right-wing, religious organization, NARTH is neither right-wing, nor religious. Rather, NARTH is a scientific, secular organization. The membership of NARTH is very diverse, as is the governing board, including people of many different faith traditions and people of no faith tradition. While NARTH members vary in their religious viewpoints, the commonality among its members is their commitment to defend the scientific research, despite the trend in our culture of promoting the message that people are born homosexual and cannot change. Some activists for gay causes believe that if the message that people can change is made known, it might lead to further discrimination. We believe that there are better ways of addressing discrimination than suppressing the message that change is possible. Suppressing this message only harms individuals who want other options for their lives. NARTH respects these individuals and upholds their rights to have accurate information.




1 It is important to address the notion of change and success rates. Like other challenges, success is defined along a continuum ranging from a change in behavior to the reduction or even the elimination of unwanted homosexual attractions as well as changes in sexual orientation and sexual identity. Change might also include improved sense of self or an increase in security, a decrease in depression or hopelessness, as well as improvements in many other areas. What is clear is that outcomes are very consistent with the good research, from which only one conclusion can be reached: homosexuality is not invariably fixed in all people. Some people can and do change. And this change occurs not just in terms of identity but in core features of sexual orientation such as fantasy and arousal. The Spitzer Study, Hershberger's analysis of the Spitzer study, and the Karten study provide scientific support that change indeed does occur for some people.


2Although the examples given here are of depression and personality disorders, conditions generally believed to be undesirable, it is understood that homosexuality is a condition that is considered undesirable by some clients, but not by all clients. The comparison is not intended to imply similarities between homosexuality and depression or personality disorders other than with regard to some outcome implications.


3Activists within some professional associations have attempted to persuade their associations to declare reorientation unethical, falsely claiming that this type of therapy is harmful. These claims of harm are not in any way grounded in research, but instead appear politically motivated and reflect a lack of familiarity with the research, which has been declared by the APA to be inconclusive.







American Psychological Association. (2008). Answers to your questions: For a better understanding of sexual orientation and homosexuality. Washington, DC: Author. [Retrieved from]

Hershberger, S. L. (2003). Guttman scalability confirms the effectiveness ofreparative therapy.  Archives of Sexual Behavior, 32, 440-441.

Jones, S.L., & Yarhouse, M.A. (2007). Ex-gays: A longitudinal study of religious mediated change in sexual orientation. Dowers Grove, IL: Inter-Varsity Press.

Karten, E. Y., & Wade, J. C. (2010). Sexual orientation change efforts in men: A client perspective. The Journal of Men's Studies, 18, 84-102.

Spitzer, R. L. (2003). "Can some gay men and lesbians change their sexual orientation? 200 participants reporting a change from homosexual to heterosexual orientation," Archives of Sexual Behavior, 32, 5, October, p. 403-417.



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